Climate

Climate Types- The Maldives have a typical tropical climate which can be distinguished by two seasons: The dry northeast monsoon which occurs from December to March, and the wet southwestern monsoon which happens from April to November. The wet season obviously includes more precipitation and wind and as you can see from the graph these are traditionally the months with the most precipitation. Even parts of December are stormy. April is more of a transition month and even though it is included in the southwestern monsoon season, the temperatures remain remarkably high as you can see on the graph at around 28 degrees C. Although the island chain covers a large area, the weather is very uniform throughout and each island more or less experiences the same climate. The monthly temperature graph below will give us a closer look on how little the temperature varies throughout a given year. 

Seasonality-The annual temperature range in the Maldives is only about 1 to 2 degrees C, while in the close by city of Diego Garcia the temperature range is only about 2 to 3 degrees C. So we can conclude that these two cities remain warm throughout the year. However, the average range of precipitation in the Maldives is about 193 mm because of the very dry months of January, February, and March. The range of precipitation in near by Diego Garcia is also a high number at 171 mm but they have much more precipitation throughout a year than Male in the Maldives does by about 962 mm and they do not have much of a dry season. When comparing seasonality to, say Denver, it differs greatly. Colorado is known for its cold winters and hot summers and in particular does not get a lot of precipitation especially when comparing climates with a tropical island chain. Denver receives just 397 mm of annual precipitation with a range of 41 mm. Denver’s temperature range is 22 degrees C. Denver experiences much more seasonality than the Maldives and Diego Garcia do. Their climates are much more uniform and do not vary off of what is considered a “normal climate” for the area. The graph below will give us a visual when comparing the countries monthly temperatures and precipitation rates. Chart 2

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